Works of Art in the Turkish Grain Board (TMO) General Directorate Building

Güler Özyıldıran

Abstract


Turkish Grain Board (TMO) General Directorate Building was designed by Vedat Özsan, Cengiz Bektaş and Oral Vural (Özsan-Bektaş-Vural Architects) in 1964 and constructed between 1964 and 1968 in Ankara. One of the significant aspects of the building is the involvement of works of art. One percent of the building cost was allocated to the works of art. Moreover, the architects get inspired by some artists during the building design. Such kind of art and architecture synthesis was common in modern architecture between 1950 and 1980 both in Turkey and in the world.  However, this aspect of the TMO building is not known enough in the literature. The aim of this study is to analyze the works of art in TMO General Directorate building in terms of art and architecture synthesis. The research method was mainly based on the analysis of the building on site and the evaluations of existing artworks with the literature about art and architecture synthesis, individual writings of architect Cengiz Bektaş and some artists (Bedri Rahmi Eyüboğlu, Burhan Alkar etc.). These works of art vary from wall ceramic to stained glass, and after 1988, a monumental sculpture was added to the building via competition. Moreover, after this sculptor competition, TMO established a plastic arts application center in 1989.


Keywords


Art and architecture synthesis, modern architecture, Turkish Grain Board (TMO), Cengiz Bektaş, Bedri Rahmi Eyüboğlu.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bakla, E. (2022). Pinterest collection, https://tr.pinterest.com/ebakla/

Bektaş, C. (1987). Cengiz Bektaş. Mimarlık Dergisi, 226 (5-6), 81-94.

Burhan, A. A. (2022). http://www.burhanalkar.net/

Bildirici, F. (2011). Turan Erol (interviews published as series of newspaper column). Hürriyet Newspaper, 27th November 2011. https://farukbildirici.com/turan-erol/

Bonatz, P., Fatih U. (1965). Büyük Efes Oteli. Arkitekt, (318), 5-13.

Bozdoğan, S. (2008). Haluk Baysal-Melih Birsel kitabı: Modern mimarlığımızın ustalarına gecikmiş bir ithaf. Mimarlık, (340). http://www.mimarlikdergisi.com/index.cfm?sayfa=mimarlik&dergisayi=290&recid=1708

Büyük Efes Sanat (2022). Permanent exhibitions. contemporary art collection in the swissotel büyük efes izmir. http://www.buyukefessanat.com/tr/buyuk-efes-sanat/buyuk-efes-koleksiyonu/daimi-sergi_16.html

Can, Ö. C. (2018). Ankara’da kamusal alanlardaki seramik duvar panoları [Unpublished master’s thesis]. Hacettepe University, Ankara.

Erbay Aslıtürk, G. (2014). Respect the master: Erdoğan Ersen (A Monographic Conversation). İdil Sanat ve Dil Dergisi, 3(12), 159-166.

Erkol, İ. (2009). Mimarlık ve sanat birlikteliği. Utarit Izgi ve Türkiye’de modern mimarlık [Unpublished master’s thesis]. İstanbul Technical University, İstanbul, 18-32.

Galatali, A. (1972). Vallauris Uluslararası 3. Seramik Biennale'i. Arkitekt, 1972-03 (347), 109-110.

Özcan, Ü. N. (2009). Heykeltraş Burhan Alkar [Unpublished master’s thesis]. Gazi University, Ankara.

Özsan, V., Oral V., Bektaş, C. (1968). Ankara Toprak Mahsulleri Ofisi Genel Müdürlük Binası, Mimarlık, 61, 37-42.

Özyıldıran, G. (2010). Ankara Toprak Mahsulleri Ofisi Genel Müdürlük Binası. DOCOMOMO_TR Türkiye Mimarlığında Modernizmin Yerel Açılımları VI. Poster Sunuşları Bildiri Özetleri Kitabı. Eskişehir: Anadolu Üniversitesi Mühendislik Mimarlık Fakültesi, 2-4 Aralık 2010, 14-16.

Özyıldıran, G. (2011). Bilinmeyen Ankara: Toprak Mahsulleri Ofisi Genel Müdürlük Binası. Bülten, TMMOB Mimarlar Odası Ankara Şubesi, (92), 62-67.

Özyıldıran, G. (2021). Anıt heykel ve mimarlık: Yavuz Görey'in Burdur anıtları. Akdeniz Sanat, 15(27), 39-62. https://doi.org/10.48069/akdenizsanat.745806

SALT (2020). Cengiz Bektaş ile mimari üretimleri üzerine söyleşi (Interviews with Cengiz Bektaş between 2019 October and 2020 February). Kübra Yeter (Ed.). İstanbul: SALT / Garanti Kültür A.Ş. https://saltonline.org/media/files/cengiz_bektas_010620_scrd.pdf

SALT Research (2019-a). Archive of Cengiz Bektaş: Turkish Grain Board General Directorate Building, 1964-1966. https://archives.saltresearch.org/handle/123456789/320

SALT Research (2019-b). Archive of Cengiz Bektaş: Turkish Republic Embassy in Bonn, 1964-1966. https://archives.saltresearch.org/handle/123456789/257

SALT Research (2021). Archive of Cengiz Bektaş: Denizli Halil Bektaş Primary School. https://archives.saltresearch.org/handle/123456789/289

Sönmez, B. (2015). 1980’lerde kamusal alan heykelleri: Ankara ve İstanbul [Unpublished master’s thesis]. Hacettepe University, Ankara.

TMO Press and Public Relations Directorate archive.

TMO Technical Affairs Department project archive.

Tulum Okur, H. (2018). Art and architecture synthesis in Turkey: From 1950s to 1970s [Unpublished PhD thesis]. Bahçeşehir University, İstanbul.

Yazman, D. (2011). Resmi mimariyle bütünleştiren sanat adamı. Arkitera. https://www.arkitera.com/haber/resmi-mimariyle-butunlestiren-sanat-adami/

Yavuz, D. (2008). Mimarlık-sanat birlikteliğinde 1950-70 Aralığı. Mimarlık, (344). http://www.mimarlikdergisi.com/index.cfm?sayfa=mimarlik&DergiSayi=357&RecID=2138

Yavuz, E. (2015). An aesthetic response to an architectural challenge: Architecture's dialogue with the arts in Postwar Turkey [Unpublished PhD thesis]. Middle East Technical University, Ankara.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Design, Planning and Aesthetics Research

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

DEPARCH-Journal of Design, Planning & Aesthetics Research (E-ISSN: 2822-4175) OAJ of Department of Architecture supported by Selçuk University.

Open access articles in DepArch are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDeriotives 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0).